Conservation Blog

By: Sherif Afifi | July 22, 2020

Straight paper tear

These tutorial episodes are for trained conservators who have the training and the experiences as well as the materials and tools to do this. However, if you are not a trained conservator and do not have the right materials for such repair and have some books with cuts and tears please don't use all types of commercial self-adhesive tapes these products should be avoided in historic document conservation and restoration. keep in mind the reversibility possibility of these products.

Also, you should keep away from
  • All types of scotch tape, sellotape, Etc. 
  • Filmoplast P Tape, it is an archival grade material, but not recommended for rare books due to its reversibility.
  • Heatset tissue (shiny and uses heat). However, it is reversible with isopropyl alcohol, acid-free, and buffered with magnesium carbonate. As well it has long fibers, and it is transparent.
Paper mending and repair techniques and secrets. Episode one is about mending straight tear with three different techniques (it is available now on my youtube channel in this tutorial, I will spotlight on the paper straight tears restoration and repair. A straight tear is when the paper fibers split apart quite evenly,  and mostly towards the paper grain direction. 

Some materials used in this episode I would like to highlight:

Japanese tissue:
A strong thin paper made from vegetable fibers. May be made from one of three plants: Kozo plant, Mitsumata, and Gampi tree.

  • Reemay is a non-woven polyester fabric. 
  • It used as a support media for documents to be repaired,  interleaving, or drying material. more info about Reemay:
A thin, plain weave, sheer fabric traditionally made from silk. Many modern organzas are woven with synthetic filament fibres such as polyester or nylon.

watch episode one Paper Mending | Episode 1 | Straight tear:


Sherif Afifi

Posted on : July 22, 2020

Hello Danzo Michel

Thank you for your comment.
Sure, you can mend both sides of the tear. Moreover, it will be much preferable in case of you repair a thick paper. However, for the other 80 gsm or 90 gsm paper, mending one side will be better. Remember, the less intervention you can is the better you do.

Maria Polessa

Posted on : July 22, 2020

Obrigada por mais esta ferramenta de ajuda. Atualmente desenvolvo um projeto de um livro inspirado em encadernações do século XVII/ XVIII; as medidas são básicas: 65X40 cm (rsrsrs) e não sabe como suas ferramentas me inspiram e me ajudam. Quando estiver pronto, com a autorização da cliente publico. Um abraço, Maria.

Danzo Michel

Posted on : July 22, 2020

Hello Sherif,
I like very much all of your videos. I learn a lot there.
Just a question about this episode.
Do you repair only one side of the sheet? Or could it be worth repairing 2 sides of the sheet.
Any comments about it?
Thank you so much

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