Conservation Blog

By: Sherif Afifi | February 21, 2020

   This antique black and white silver gelatin paper print have split into two half due to folding of the completely acidic secondary support, which leads to tears, cuts, and separation of the photograph into two half. This video shows the restoration and preservation of this 20th century rare photograph. The conservation and Restoration process covered several steps. However, this video shows only the joining process for the two split parts.

By: Sherif Afifi | November 09, 2019

Byzantine Binding Tutorial
Byzantine Binding Tutorial

This Byzantine binding video tutorial is based on a facsimile of a 17th century Byzantine Manuscript. The tutorial is divided into 6 parts

Watch byzantine Manuscript facsimile video tutorials

Category: Bookbinding 

Tags: Byzantine binding 

By: Sherif Afifi | July 05, 2019

Mending torn or cut photographs
Figure 1 Torn photographs These photographs are from Sherif Afifi's family collection - All rights reserved

By: Sherif Afifi | April 24, 2019

label that was adhered over an original leather book spine.
label that was adhered over an original leather book spine.

This video tutorial demonstrates how to effectively remove a label that was adhered over an original leather book spine. The shelf label was glued over a nineteenth-century split book spine. Animal glue was used on this label (label is now historical evidence of this book). A conservation decision was made to remove the label in order to restore the book. Moisture is required to remove the paper label, however special care must be given to ensure the leather does not get wet. Careful attention to not over moisturizing can avert the following issues: hydrolysis, distortion, discoloration and hardening of leather.

Carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) 4% is applied over paper label. In order to moisturize the paper label and react with the animal glu...

By: Sherif Afifi | November 13, 2018

Using gloves or not?

For those who always asking; why don't you use gloves in most of your YoutTube video tutorials about books and paper conservation. The answer is: most of the conservators believe that using gloves in many cases make them clumsy and more likely to create more damage to the object. Moreover, wearing gloves actually increases the potential for physically damaging fragile material through mishandling. I understand it looks more professional and in many times showy to watch a conservator wearing blue surgical gloves, but actually, it is not in need in most of the cases, especially in paper and book conservation, it is better to wash hands often rather than to wear gloves.
most of paper and books conservators-restorers know the disadvant...

Category: Preventive Conservation 

Tags: Gloves