Conservation Blog

By: Sherif Afifi | December 24, 2020

paper repair

Paper mending and repair techniques and secrets. Episode three, Mending clean-cut technique. Paper mending and repair tutorials playlist:

What is Reemay?

Reemay is a non-woven polyester fabric. - It used as a support media for documents to be repaired, interleaving, or drying material. more info about Reemay:

What is Japanese tissue? 

 A strong thin paper made from vegetable fibers. May be made from one of three plants: Kozo plant, Mitsumata, and Gampi tree. in this video tutorial, I am using here (CMC 6%) Sodium Carboxymethylcellulose as an adhesive. 

Don't use: 

- Tape (sellotape), scotch tape, Etc....

Category: Paper Mending 


By: Sherif Afifi | August 13, 2020

mending irregular tear
irregular tear

Paper mending and repair techniques and secrets. Episode two, repairing and mending clean Irregular Tear.
Paper Mending | Episode 1 | Straight tear:
Paper Mending | Episode 2 | Irregular tear:

   The tears tend to be irregular when it is across the grain direction and tends to be "straight" along the grain direction. Remember! Mechanical made paper has a grain direction.
Why mechanical paper has grain direction? Because the fibers travel through the machine on a vibrating mesh, they tend to line up in the same forward direction, parallel to the direction of the side edges of the paper. It means that the handmade paper has no grain direction.

By: Sherif Afifi | July 22, 2020

Straight paper tear

These tutorial episodes are for trained conservators who have the training and the experiences as well as the materials and tools to do this. However, if you are not a trained conservator and do not have the right materials for such repair and have some books with cuts and tears please don't use all types of commercial self-adhesive tapes these products should be avoided in historic document conservation and restoration. keep in mind the reversibility possibility of these products.

Also, you should keep away from
  • All types of scotch tape, sellotape, Etc. 
  • Filmoplast P Tape, it is an archival grade material, but not recommended for rare books due to its reversibility.
  • Heatset tissue (shiny and uses heat). However, it is reversible with...